Byzantine medicine was built on the foundation of ancient medicine, including Galen (q.v.) and Hippocrates, so much so that many early Byzantine texts are little more than edited encyclopedias of ancient knowledge (e.g., the work of Julian's physician Oribasios [qq.v.] summarizes Galen). Nevertheless, even the encylopedists were hardly mere copyists. For example, the work of Alexander of Tralles (q.v.) includes some original ideas on pharmacology, and Aetius of Amida's sixth-century encyclopedia of medicine interprets Galen's theory of drug therapy by degrees. Such works transmitted ancient medicine far beyond the borders of Byzantium (q.v.). Arab doctors used the works of Paul of Aegina, especially the section on surgery in his Epitome. The work of Nicholas Myrepsos, court physician to John III Vatatzes (q.v.), was used as a textbook on pharmacology at the University of Paris until 1651. Byzantine hospitals in the major cities of the empire included a variety of specialists (some of whom were women doctors), e.g., in surgery, anesthesiology, orthopedics, gynecology and obstetrics, and epidemiology. Educated persons took an interest in medicine and disease, as seen in Prokopios of Caesarea's (q.v.) description of the plague. Medicine was especially fashionable among 12th-century intellectuals, including Anna Komnene (q.v.), who writes respectfully of the doctors who administered to her dying father. Having said this, Byzantine literature is not without its portrayal of doctors as unscrupulous quacks. Moreover, amulets and other forms of magic, as well as healing icons and holy men, were patronized as forms of alternative medicine.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .


Look at other dictionaries:

  • medicine — 1. A drug. 2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science concerned with disease in all its relations. 3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually… …   Medical dictionary

  • Medicine — steht für Medizinisches Gender Medicine Humanmedizin unter geschlechtsspezifischen Gesichtspunkten Open Medicine, medizinische Projekte im Geiste des Open Source Geografisches Medicine Bow Mountains, Bergkette der Rocky Mountains Medicine Hat,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • medicine — (n.) c.1200, medical treatment, cure, remedy, also used figuratively, of spiritual remedies, from O.Fr. medecine (Mod.Fr. médicine) medicine, art of healing, cure, treatment, potion, from L. medicina the healing art, medicine; a remedy, also used …   Etymology dictionary

  • Medicine 8 — Origin London, England Genres Acid House Electro House Techno Years active 1996–present Labels Regal Recordings, Trashmouth Records …   Wikipedia

  • medicine — medi‧cine [ˈmedsn ǁ ˈmedsn] noun industrial/​occupational medicine HUMAN RESOURCES the study of the conditions under which people work and the effects of these conditions on their health and safety: • It is known from occupational medicine… …   Financial and business terms

  • Medicine — Med i*cine, n. [L. medicina (sc. ars), fr. medicinus medical, fr. medicus: cf. F. m[ e]decine. See {Medical}.] 1. The science which relates to the prevention, cure, or alleviation of disease. [1913 Webster] 2. Any substance administered in the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Medicine — aging ear altruistic donor andrologist antigerm ape diet apitherapy baggage malaria bed blocker …   New words

  • Medicine — Med i*cine, v. t. To give medicine to; to affect as a medicine does; to remedy; to cure. Medicine thee to that sweet sleep. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • medicine — ► NOUN 1) the science or practice of the treatment and prevention of disease. 2) a drug or other preparation taken by mouth in order to treat or prevent disease. ● give someone a dose of their own medicine Cf. ↑give someone a dose of their own… …   English terms dictionary

  • medicine — [med′ə sən; ] Brit [ med′sən, med′sin] n. [OFr < L medicina < medicus: see MEDICAL] 1. the science and art of diagnosing, treating, curing, and preventing disease, relieving pain, and improving and preserving health 2. the branch of this… …   English World dictionary

  • medicine — Medicine, Medicina. Medicine ou bruvage où il y a de la saulge, Saluiatum. Medecine pour les yeux, Medicamentum oculorum. Medecine qui guarit soubdainement, Praesens medicina. Medecine qu on baille à toutes bestes qui portent somme, Veterinaria… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.